Archaeology, Cultural Heritage, and the Antiquities Trade

Archaeological artifacts became a traded commodity largely as the international achieve of Western society permits easy accessibility to the world's archaeological background. got via the world's prime museums and personal creditors, antiquities were faraway from archaeological websites, monuments, or cultural associations and illegally traded. This selection of essays by means of world-recognized specialists investigates the ways in which com-modifying artifacts fuels the destruction of archaeological historical past and considers what could be performed to guard it. regardless of becoming nationwide and foreign laws to guard cultural background, expanding numbers of archaeological sites-among them, war-torn Afghanistan and Iraq-are topic to pillage because the financial worth of artifacts rises. supplying entire examinations of archaeological website looting, the antiquities exchange, the wreck of cultural history assets, and the foreign efforts to strive against their destruction, the authors argue that the antiquities marketplace affects cultural historical past worldwide and is a burgeoning worldwide problem.

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Boston Globe, January 16, 1998. Schick, Jürgen. The Gods Are Leaving the Country. Bangkok: White Orchid, 1998. , and Roderick J. ). Plundering Africa’s Past. London: James Currey, 1996. Schuster, Angela M. H. ” Archaeology, January–February 1999, 16–17. Shankar, Ajai. ” In Trade in Illicit Antiquities: The Destruction of the World’s Archaeological Heritage, ed. Neil J. Brodie, Jennifer Doole, and Colin Renfrew, 33–36. McDonald Institute Monograph. : McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, 2001.

Law (AAM 2000: 77), but it can be no coincidence that these laws also place a strong constraint on the freedom of museums to acquire antiquities. S. S. law, in that it is the private property of an individual person or an organization. Thus an unprovenanced antiquity is an acceptable (in the sense of low-risk) acquisition. However, if an antiquity is removed from a country with a patrimony law that vests ownership in the state, it becomes stolen public property, which is easier 16 / Neil Brodie to identify and reclaim than stolen private property.

Notes This chapter was presented on the fiftieth anniversary of the Hague Convention at the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, on February 2, 2004. The occasion was organized by the Sustainable Heritage Development Programme Research School for Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University, Canberra, and sponsored by Toyota. 1. Article 18(3). 2. S. state. htm>, accessed January 28, 2004. 3. html>; Art Newspaper, September 2003. Archaeologists who have worked closely with the Iraqi museum authorities for many months say it is still impossible to know exactly how many items are missing, and this is but an estimate.

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