By Rolant Czvetkovski (ed.), Aleksis Hoffmeister (ed.)
Ethnographers helped to understand, to appreciate and in addition to form imperial in addition to Soviet Russia’s cultural range. This quantity makes a speciality of the contexts during which ethnographic wisdom was once created. often, ethnographic findings have been outdated by way of imperial discourse: Defining areas, connecting them with ethnic origins and conceiving nationwide entities unavoidably implied the mapping of political and ancient hierarchies. yet past those spatial conceptualizations the essays really deal with the explicit stipulations within which ethnographic wisdom seemed and adjusted. at the one hand, they flip to the various fields into which ethnographic wisdom poured and materialized, i.e., heritage, historiography, anthropology or ideology. at the different, they both contemplate the effect of the categorical codecs, i.e., photographs, maps, atlases, lectures, songs, museums, and exhibitions, on educational in addition to non-academic manifestations.
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Additional info for An Empire of Others: Creating Ethnographic Knowledge in Imperial Russia and the USSR
10 But only at the end of the eighteenth century did the practice of physical anthropology part ways with social and cultural anthropology. The current use of anthropology as an umbrella term, comprising disciplines like ethnography, ethnology, ethnolinguistic studies, folklore, and ethno-archaeology, was shaped early in the history of ethnographic knowledge. The small German university town of Göttingen maintained relations with the Russian as well as the British academic world in the eighteenth century, while it played a pivotal role in the development of the term Völker-Beschreibung (description of peoples) and the practice of what was to become physical and social anthropology of the non-dominant ethnic groups under imperial rule.
Petermann, Die Geschichte der Ethnologie [The history of ethnology] (Wuppertal: Edition Trickster im Peter Hammer Verlag, 2004). Petermann himself highlights that this 24 Alexis Hofmeister knowledge on “ethnic others,” it is necessary to examine the specific historical conditions of the gathering of ethnographic knowledge. As different historical conditions created different cultures of knowledge, knowledge did matter, and the thirst for ethnographic knowledge is obviously one of the particular characteristics of modern times.
Ethnographic reader, published by the Imperial Russian Geographic Society], vol. 1 (St. Petersburg: RGO, 1853). Imperial Case Studies 43 of the statistical and ethnographic data by enlightened tsarist bureaucrats is an undisputed fact. Descriptions of the various regional judicial norms of the common law of Russian peasantry, for instance, were used as arguments in the debate on the liberation of serfs in Russia that occurred in 1861 as an important pillar of the Great Reforms in the 1860s. The rich ethnographic collections of the RGO nevertheless failed to inspire a systematic analysis of the material.