Living on the Lake in Prehistoric Europe: 150 Years of by Francesco Menotti

By Francesco Menotti

The opportunity discovery in 1854 of a prehistoric lake village on Lake Zurich caused what we now name the 'lake-dwelling phenomenon'. 100 and fifty years of analysis and lively educational disputes have reworked the phenomenon into probably the most trustworthy assets of knowledge in wetland archaeology.

This definitive quantity offers an outline of the advance of lake village stories, explores the influence of a number clinical thoughts at the settlements and considers how the general public can relate to this evocative and fascinating department of archaeology. It explains how the multidisciplinary study context has considerably enhanced our wisdom of prehistoric wetland groups, from an environmental in addition to a cultural point of view.

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Schlichtherle, H. (2002) Prähistorische Siedlungen, Bohlenwege und Fischfanganlagen. Fortschritte der archäologischen Federseeforschung. Denkmalpflege in BadenWürttemberg, 31: 115–121. Schlichtherle, H. (in press) Bemerkungen zur Erntetechnik im Neolithikum, in Experimentelle Forschungen zu den Wurzeln europäischer Kulturlandschaft. Erste Schöntaler Tagung 2002. Materialhefte zur Archäologie in Baden-Württemberg. Schlichtherle, H. and Strobel, M. (eds) (1999) Aktuelles zu Horgen – Cham – Goldberg III – Schnurkeramik in Süddeutschland, Hemmenhofener Skripte 1.

This mound was surmounted by a large, long building, probably erected for some special function. The mound was constructed from a 20–30centimetre thick layer of clay and gravel. Rows of piles edged it on both sides, but they probably represented remains of an earlier track or perhaps fences. Traces of four inundations were found in the village itself, and the archaeologists consider it possible that the houses stood on piles and that the settlement was planned in such a way that occasional inundations did not cause inconvenience.

Lake-dwelling research in south-western Germany was greatly strengthened by the establishment on Lake Constance of an underwater archaeology section of the Baden-Württemberg Office for the Protection of Ancient Monuments in Hemmenhofen. Here the laboratories for dendrochronology, archaeobotany, sedimentology and pedology coexist with the archaeological base for underwater and wetland research. The Lake Constance–Upper Swabia Project, contributed to the discovery of a large number of wetland sites in the Alpine foreland of south-western Germany.

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