Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory by James Dreier

By James Dreier

Contemporary Debates in ethical Theory good points pairs of newly commissioned essays by way of the various top theorists operating within the box this day.

  • Brings jointly clean debates at the such a lot arguable concerns in ethical theory
  • Questions contain: Are ethical necessities derived from cause? How challenging is morality? Are virtues the correct place to begin for ethical theorizing?
  • Lively debate structure sharply defines the problems, and paves the way in which for extra discussion.
  • Will function an available creation to the main themes in modern ethical idea, whereas additionally taking pictures the mind's eye philosophers.

Show description

Read or Download Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory PDF

Similar humanism books

Biblical Humanism and Scholasticism in the Age of Erasmus (Brill's Companions to the Christian Tradition, V. 9)

In the course of the heart a long time, dialectical disputation used to be the existing approach to scholarly inquiry. within the 15th century, even though, humanists challenged the scholastic technique, offering in its place historic and philological ways. This quantity specializes in the polemic over the best method of bible study.

The Mind-body Problem: An Opinionated Introduction (Focus Series (Westview Press).)

The relation of brain to physique has been argued approximately by means of philosophers for hundreds of years. The Mind-Body challenge: An Opinionated advent offers the matter as a debate among materialists in regards to the brain and their competitors. After analyzing the perspectives of Descartes, Hume and Thomas Huxley the talk is traced during the 20th century to the current day.

Empathy And Agency: The Problem Of Understanding In The Human Sciences

How can we, as interpreters and theorists within the human and social sciences, comprehend service provider? What are the tools, types, and mediating theoretical frameworks that permit us to offer a competent and sufficient account of ideals, activities, and cultural practices? extra in particular, how do we as interpretive analysts hire our personal cognitive capacities on the way to render the ideals, intentions, and activities of different humans intelligible?

Approaches to Intentionality

Techniques to Intentionality is an authoritative and obtainable account of an issue valuable to modern philosophy of brain. Lyons first supplies a severe survey of the present debate in regards to the nature of intentionality, then strikes directly to provide an unique new thought. The ebook is written all through in a transparent, direct, and vigorous kind.

Extra info for Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory

Sample text

The ends do not always justify the means. 28 Against Maximizing Act Consequentialism If core consequentialism is true, then any action with maximally good consequences (in a given choice situation) is permissible. The main argument in favor of this claim is the following: P1: An action is morally permissible if it is best supported by insistent moral reasons for action. P2: The value of consequences is always an insistent moral reason for action. P3: The value of consequences is the only insistent moral reason for action.

Thus, an outcome in which a constraint is violated is always worse (agent-neutrally) than an outcome in which the constraint is not violated – even if large numbers of people are much better off when the constraint is violated. A theory like this might hold that it is better to have one violation now rather than five later (this is sometimes called ‘utilitarianism [more strictly: consequentialism] of rights’). To block this, suppose further that the theory of value holds that there is a lexical priority of importance to earlier times with respect to constraint violation.

A second issue concerns whether the rights are choice-protecting or interest-protecting. The issue concerns the nature of the requisite respect that rights require. I’m inclined to think that psychologically autonomous agents have (mainly) choiceprotecting rights and non-autonomous but sentient beings (such as young children and certain animals) have interest-protecting rights, but we need not resolve this issue here. All we need is the existence of some kind of right. A third issue concerns whether the rights are absolute or conditional in certain ways.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.58 of 5 – based on 22 votes