Communication and Empire: Media, Markets, and Globalization, by Dwayne R. Winseck, Robert M. Pike

By Dwayne R. Winseck, Robert M. Pike

Filling in a key bankruptcy in communications historical past, Dwayne R. Winseck and Robert M. Pike supply an in-depth exam of the increase of the “global media” among 1860 and 1930. They learn the connections among the improvement of an international verbal exchange infrastructure, the production of nationwide telegraph and instant structures, and information organisations and the content material they supplied. traditional histories recommend that the expansion of worldwide communications correlated with imperial enlargement: more and more cables have been laid as colonial powers competed for regulate of assets. Winseck and Pike argue that the function of the imperial contest, whereas major, has been exaggerated. They emphasize how a lot of the worldwide media approach used to be in position prior to the excessive tide of imperialism within the early 20th century, they usually aspect to different components that drove the proliferation of worldwide media hyperlinks, together with monetary booms and busts, preliminary steps towards multilateralism and foreign legislations, and the formation of company cartels.

Drawing on broad examine in company and govt data, Winseck and Pike light up the activities of businesses and cartels through the overdue 19th century and early 20th, in lots of various elements of the globe, together with Africa, Asia, and relevant and South the US in addition to Europe and North the United States. The advanced historical past they relate exhibits how cable businesses exploited or transcended nationwide rules within the construction of the worldwide cable community, how deepest companies and govt corporations interacted, and the way person reformers fought to cast off cartels and harmonize the law of worldwide communications. In Communication and Empire, the multinational conglomerates, rules, and the politics of imperialism and anti-imperialism in addition to the cries for reform of the overdue 19th century and early 20th end up the most obvious forerunners of today’s international media.

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Extra info for Communication and Empire: Media, Markets, and Globalization, 1860–1930 (American Encounters/Global Interactions)

Sample text

2 Near instantaneous communication, rapid transportation, and the "dematerialization" of so~ces of economic value-futures trading, the greater value of symbolic goods, electronic representations of money, the news commodity, and so forthenhanced the integration of the world economy and lent it a kind of synchronicity that helped to distinguish this phase of globalization from all those that preceded it. The global media system provided the platform upon which changes in the global political economy and cultures took shape, to say nothing of their role in the mass production and dissemination of cultural symbols that registered the ideologies and aspirations of nations and classes in this formative phase of nation-states and the search for modernity.

Overall, the Anglo-American Company directors hoped to either kill the bill or cause long delays that would bring about the demise of the Direct Cable Company or at least make it more amenable to their offers of amalgamation. In the end, the bill was delayed but reintroduced and passed the following year. 33 The new law gave Canada a communication policy based on free trade and the prohibition of monopolies. In practical terms, the law and the Privy Council decision gave the Direct Cable Company temporary landing rights off the coast of Newfoundland, which allowed the company to complete its system and to begin service within the year.

The Electric Persia and the Ottoman Empire was inhospitable to new communication Telegraph Company and Magnetic Telegraph Company (Pender's £irnl), along technologies. 5 million ordinarily generous payments and a pledge that they would not have to com- it, the "shortcomings of the present line are mainly due to the fact that it out of the total of $28 million initial cost of nationalization. The private passes through ... foreign territory, much of it wild and uncivilized, where international firms also benefited by being allowed to open offices in British European management cannot be brought to bear, and where ignorant and cities.

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