By Pratima Bajpai
This publication presents the main updated info to be had on a number of biotechnological methods worthwhile within the pulp and paper undefined. all of the twenty chapters covers a particular biotechnological approach or procedure, discussing the benefits, boundaries, and destiny customers of crucial and renowned strategies utilized in the undefined. issues coated comprise tree development, pulping, bleaching, deinking, fiber amendment, biosolids administration, and biorefining.
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Additional info for Biotechnology for Pulp and Paper Processing
1999, pp 631–637 Todd D, Pait J, Hodges J (1995) Impact and value of tree improvement in south. J Forestry 83:162–166 Zhou LL, Cheng Y, Sun X, Marita J, Ralph JM, Chiang VL (2003) Combinatorial modification of multiple lignin traits in trees through multigene co-transformation. 1 Introduction Bark is the outermost layer of tree trunks and branches (Fig. 1). It protects the tree from its environment. It is distinct and separable from wood. Bark refers to all the tissues outside of the vascular cambium.
1996, pp 336–349 Brunelli E (2008) Genetically modified and cross-bred trees. Ind Carta 46(4):22–25 Burken JG, Schnoor JL (1997) Uptake and metabolism of atrazine by poplar trees. Environ Sci Technol 31(5):1399 Chen C, Baucher M, Christensen JH, Boerjan W (2001) Biotechnology in trees: towards improved paper pulping by lignin engineering. Euphytica 118(2):185–195 Cunningham SD, Berti WR, Huang JW (1995) Phytoremediation of contaminated soils. Trends Biotechnol 13(9):393–397 Cunningham SD, Berti WR (1993) Remediation of contaminated soils with green plants: an overview.
For more than 25 years, Aracruz Celulose has been developing an intensive research program on Eucalyptus tree improvement, looking at the introduction, evaluation, selection, and recombination of superior trees (Bertolucci et al. 1999). Modern biotechnological tools are being introduced into classic genetic tree improvement programs and there is increased pressure for the definition of the most important forest attributes for each type of product. In 27th EUCEPA conference, Bertolucci et al. (1999) presented Aracruz’s research addressed at obtaining clones and varieties “engineered” to specific objectives, such as productivity and good quality attributes.