By Robert W. Collin
The setting inflames passions in humans on all issues of the political spectrum. Controversies over such concerns because the upward push of melanoma in industrialized international locations, weather switch, and concrete sprawl have skyrocketed as we realize the impression that people have at the setting. many of us turn into immersed in those controversies at a neighborhood point ahead of they understand a lot in regards to the subject - the nuances of many environmental conflicts are frequently ignored because the media specializes in the adverse nature of the clash. This reference source offers scholars, academics, librarians, and voters as an entire with the mandatory first step in knowing those hot-button concerns. each one access identifies the problem concerned, who was once preserving quite a few issues of view or positions, the place and whilst the clash happened, and explains the cultural, social, and political context and dimensions of the conflict.
Battleground: Environment presents in-depth research of over a hundred of the main debatable themes related to the surroundings, together with adolescence bronchial asthma, the Kyoto Summit and Treaty, clever progress, the 3 Gorges Dam in China, and genetically converted food.
Entries comprise descriptions of public regulations and discussions of the way forward for the talk. every one access concludes with move references and a brief, proper bibliography appropriate for scholar examine. The source contains a number of sidebars that debate intimately specific neighborhood controversies that remove darkness from the complexity of the themes discussed.
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Additional resources for Battleground: Environment [2 volumes] (Battleground Series)
Therefore, research procedures or experimentation are exempt from interference when designated as such. This is a large exemption in an area where animals are thought to suffer pain, and where substitutes or alternatives to animals are not used frequently. This is a continuing battleground in this controversy. AWA has strict monitoring and record-keeping requirements. The lack of records has been a controversy in the past. By keeping records, information about animals used in testing and research can be gathered.
Htm), the Animal Welfare Act requires that minimum standards of care and treatment be provided for certain animals bred for commercial sale, used in research, transported commercially, or exhibited to the public. People who operate facilities in these categories must provide their animals with adequate care and treatment in the areas of housing, handling, sanitation, nutrition, water, veterinary care, and protection from extreme weather and temperatures. Although these federal requirements do establish a floor of acceptable standards, there is controversy about whether they go far enough.
Port authorities are very powerful independent legal entities that can neither tax nor be taxed. They issue bonds. Interest on bonds is not income for federal tax purposes, nor for state tax purposes if issued in that state. Wealthy individuals can reduce their tax liability and invest in the country’s infrastructure. Historically, this was done in the West with railroad bonds. Authorities are creatures of state law, but very little is required in the way of public participation or environmental planning.