Automated Planning: Theory & Practice (The Morgan Kaufmann by Malik Ghallab, Dana Nau, Paolo Traverso

By Malik Ghallab, Dana Nau, Paolo Traverso

Computerized making plans expertise now performs an important position in a number of hard functions, starting from controlling house automobiles and robots to taking part in the sport of bridge. those real-world functions create new possibilities for synergy among conception and perform: gazing what works good in perform results in higher theories of making plans, and higher theories bring about greater functionality of sensible functions.

Automated making plans mirrors this discussion via delivering a finished, up to date source on either the idea and perform of automatic making plans. The ebook is going way past classical making plans, to incorporate temporal making plans, source scheduling, making plans less than uncertainty, and glossy ideas for plan iteration, corresponding to activity decomposition, propositional satisfiability, constraint pride, and version checking.

The authors mix over 30 years adventure in making plans examine and improvement to provide a useful textual content to researchers, execs, and graduate scholars.

*Comprehensively explains paradigms for computerized making plans.
*Provides an intensive knowing of conception and making plans perform, and the way they relate to one another.
*Presents case experiences of functions in house, robotics, CAD/CAM, strategy keep watch over, emergency operations, and video games.

*Provides a radical knowing of AI making plans conception and perform, and the way they relate to one another.
*Covers the entire modern issues of making plans, in addition to very important useful purposes of making plans, corresponding to version checking and video game enjoying.
*Presents case reports and purposes in making plans engineering, house, robotics, CAD/CAM, approach regulate, emergency operations, and games.
*Provides lecture notes, examples of programming assignments, tips to downloadable making plans structures and similar info on-line.

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Extra resources for Automated Planning: Theory & Practice (The Morgan Kaufmann Series in Artificial Intelligence)

Example text

From some given situation. A plan is a structure that gives the appropriate actions. The objective can be specified in several different ways. • The simplest specification consists of a goal state sg or a set of goal states Sg . In this case, the objective is achieved by any sequence of state transitions that ends at one of the goal states. 1 is to have the container loaded onto the robot cart, then the set of goal states is Sg = {s4 , s5 }. • More generally, the objective is to satisfy some condition over the sequence of states followed by the system.

The latter returns to the planner the execution status of the plan to enable dynamic planning. 5 Restricted Model This conceptual model is not meant to be directly operational. Instead, it will be used throughout this book as a reference for our representations. Let us consider it as a starting point for assessing various restrictive assumptions, particularly the following ones. Assumption A0 (Finite ). The system has a finite set of states. ). , one has complete knowledge about the state of . In this case the observation function η is the identity function.

However, not every predicate symbol in L is necessarily fluent. For example, the truth value of adjacent(loc1,loc2) is not intended to vary from state to state for a given DWR domain. A state-invariant predicate such as adjacent is called a rigid relation. Note also that although L is a first-order language, a state is not a set of firstorder formulas—it is just a set of ground atoms. Both here and in the set-theoretic representation scheme, we use the closed-world assumption: an atom that is not explicitly specified in a state does not hold in that state.

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