By Thomas Ambrosio
Ambrosio examines 5 techniques that an more and more authoritarian Russia has followed to maintain the Kremlin's political strength: insulate, bolster, subvert, redefine and coordinate. each one approach seeks to counter or undermine nearby democratic developments either at domestic and in the course of the former Soviet Union. guidelines resembling those are of significant problem to the growing to be literature on how autocratic regimes have gotten extra lively of their resistance to democracy. via specific case experiences of every process, this ebook makes major contributions to our understandings of Russian family and international regulations, democratization conception, and the coverage demanding situations linked to democracy promoting.
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Additional info for Authoritarian Backlash: Russian Resistance to Democratization in the Former Soviet Union
However, if a democracy fails or is seen as worse than the regime it replaced, this will undermine the value of democratization for pro-democracy forces and serve as a negative example of regime change. While many democratic transitions are accompanied by a strategic realignment, a democratic reversal would make it more difficult for these states to align themselves with democratic powers and would likely preclude them from being admitted to certain international organizations, such as the EU or NATO.
Kuhonta (2006: 338) asserted that ASEAN’s successes in the security realm established a regional ‘illiberal peace’: ‘ASEAN’s zone of peace has brought in its wake a dark undercurrent: the abnegation of democratic values’. The norms that formed the basis of the ‘ASEAN way’—‘sovereignty’ and ‘non-interference’—purposefully emphasized regime survival over the promotion of liberal democratic norms. As Acharya (2003: 375) noted: The emergence of [ASEAN] was founded upon the common desire of its members, which had by then retreated significantly from their postcolonial experiments in liberal democracy, to ensure regime survival.
While it certainly could not have guaranteed democratic development in Russia, this draft constitution contained more checks and balances between the legislature and the executive than the one eventually adopted. The version which emerged after October 1993 eliminated most of these checks and, rather than being the product of debate and compromise, was crafted solely by the victor of the crisis and severed its interests. This draft created a president-dominant system which emasculated the legislature, legitimized the precedent of legislating by decree, and created the institutional framework for the centralization of power by the Kremlin.