Aurignacian Lithic Economy: Ecological Perspectives from by Brooke S. Blades

By Brooke S. Blades

Drawing info from a vintage sector for Paleolithic examine in Europe, this publication explores how early sleek people got lithic uncooked fabrics and analyzes the various usage styles for in the community on hand fabrics in comparison with these from a better distance. The writer locates those styles inside an ecological context and argues that early glossy people chosen particular mobility suggestions to accommodate alterations in subsistence environments.

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Shifts in percentages of local materials available within 9 km of the shelter, however, were noted. The Magdalenian assemblages were dominated by nodular cherts from the interfluves, while the Azilian level reflected a considerable increase in cores and debitage made on tabular chert from a formation exposed on hill slopes. Straus credited different geologic exposures and increased vegetative cover during the warmer Azilian or embedded lithic procurement within modified foraging patterns. Subsistence shifted from the hunting of reindeer and other gregarious, migratory prey such as horse and bison during the Magdalenian to pursuit of less migratory species such as red deer, roe deer, and boar during the Azilian.

Kozlowski (1982) noted a dramatic shift from Mousterian levels with local materials to distant cherts in the "Aurignacoid" Level 11 at Bacho Kiro in Bulgaria, dated greater than 44 Ka. Hahn (1987) indicated that Aurignacian and Gravettian procurement patterns emphasize local materials in the mine and Danube valleys in Germany, but at least one Aurignacian site (Lommersum) was described as dominated by cherts from fluvial deposits 30 km away. Gravettian sites such as Dolní Vestonice in Moravia (Czech Republic) are dominated by ∨ 18 CHAPTER 1 cherts evidently transported in excess of 180 km from southern Poland.

9). Nevertheless, the following summary reveals a far more intricate sequence than that envisaged by Peyrony (Laville et al. 9. North (frontal) section at La Ferrassie. Redrawn from Delpone (1984:Figure 5). E1-E2: E3-E4: F1-G4: H1-13: J-K4: (frontal only): K5-K6: K7: L1: L2-L3: (sagittal only): L3-M1 : M2: localized deposits éboulis Aurignacian IV? Aurignacian III? Aurignacian II Aurignacian I Aurignacian ancien (surface of Level L) Aurignacian (few artifacts) Châtelperronian Mousterian Mousterian of Ferrassie type The Delporte collections, which form the primary basis of the current research on La Ferrassie, are curated at the Musée des Antiquités Nationales, although some comparative data are obtained from the Peyrony collections curated in Les Eyzies.

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