By Mark Everson Davies, Hilary Swain
Aspects of Roman heritage 82BC–AD14 examines the political and armed forces heritage of Rome and its empire within the Ciceronian and Augustan a while. it truly is an necessary creation to this significant interval of Roman heritage for all scholars of Roman heritage, from pre-university to undergraduate level.
This is the 1st ebook due to the fact that H.H. Scullard’s From the Gracchi to Nero, released generations in the past, to supply an entire introductory account of 1 of the main compelling and important sessions within the historical past of Europe. Aspects of Roman historical past 82BC–AD14:
* brings to existence the good figures of Pompey, Caesar, Antony, Cleopatra and Augustus, and explores how strength used to be received, used and abused
* covers the lives of ladies and slaves, the operating of the empire and the lives of provincials, and faith, tradition and propaganda
* bargains either a survey of the most themes and an in depth narrative throughout the shut exam of sources
* introduces scholars to the issues of examining proof, and is helping boost the data and abilities had to extra the examine of historical history.
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Extra info for Aspects of Roman History 82BC-AD14: A Source-based Approach (Aspects of Classical Civilisation)
For the Guide to Electioneering attributed to Quintus Cicero, see Chapter 4. For the poets Virgil, Horace, Propertius and Ovid, see Chapter 18. Background Rome and Italy The fertile plain of Latium was chosen as the site of Rome. Volcanic activity had produced a group of seven hills which were easy to defend and an island in the middle of the River Tiber made it easy to bridge. There was also good access to the sea. The ﬁrst settlers of Latium were Indo-European Italic tribes who entered Italy in several waves between 1500 and 1000 BC, although there were other civilisations already in Italy, the Greeks to the south and the Etruscans in Etruria to the north.
Many religious and political aspects of Rome derived from the period of Etruscan dominance which ended in the sixth century BC. In Roman myth Aeneas, son of Venus, who had ﬂed the siege of Troy, settled in Latium and became the founder of a line of kings. His descendants Romulus and Remus, the twin sons of Mars, decided to found a city but quarrelled; Romulus killed Remus, and became the ﬁrst king of Rome. Six further kings followed, of whom the last three were Etruscan. They became increasingly despotic and the seventh, Tarquinius Superbus, was overthrown by the people, led by Brutus.
In 133 Tiberius Gracchus became a tribune and introduced a controversial Land Bill, the lex agraria. It proposed that a three-man commission should be appointed to allocate portions of public land to landless citizens, who would pay a small rent. Their plots could not be sold and therefore could not fall into the hands of predatory larger landowners as in the past. Rome would reverse the decline in the number of peasant farmers, which would ease the problems of military recruitment and, in addition, many of the unemployed in Rome would be removed and rehoused.