By Hans Kamermans, Martijn van Leusen, Philip Verhagen
The Netherlands is without doubt one of the few international locations in Europe the place history specialists and land builders use predictive modeling to prevent destroying destiny archaelocial websites, even supposing many students contemplate the applying for this function hugely debatable. The members to Archaeological Prediction and chance Management provide an outline of a few of the tools of predictive modeling and review how the versions are, or may be, utilized by stakeholders in cultural background administration within the Netherlands.
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Extra info for Archaeological Prediction and Risk Management: Alternatives to Current Practice (AUP - Leiden University Press)
Secondly, this transformation from an inward-facing and ‘sectoral’ attitude to archaeology to an integral spatial planning approach is accompanied by a shift from purely academic to more practical ‘public’ archaeology and a change from government-based funding to a commercial, market-based system. Furthermore, decision-making has shifted from the national and/or provincial level to the local, municipal level. The archaeological sector still has to come to terms with this new situation, and the resulting confusion is mainly felt by civic initiators and contractors who now are officially and legally obliged to deal with and take care of archaeology in their specific development area.
The RACM should develop into a knowledge institute equal to the RIVM but then for the monument, landscape and archaeology policy. This Dutch state institute would be responsible for the scientific underpinning of the monument, landscape and archaeology policy in the Netherlands and would also provide the information and monitoring of this selfsame policy. An important part thereof should be the testing of the quality of the archaeological predictive models, because these models form the basis of the execution of archaeological investigations in the Netherlands.
Instead, they are frustrated by the fact that the ‘rules of the game’ are continuously changed during the AHM process, and that decisions are based on expert judgement without a clear scientific vision on the value of archaeology. As a result, the whole process may look like an endless tunnel, and archaeology is seen as a planning condition that is completely out of control. In comparison with other environmental factors like ecology, noise pollution and soil quality, archaeology lacks a clear degree of objectivity and thus professionalism.