By William Lyons
Approaches to Intentionality is an authoritative and available account of an issue imperative to modern philosophy of brain. Lyons first offers a severe survey of the present debate concerning the nature of intentionality, then strikes directly to supply an unique new thought. The ebook is written all through in a transparent, direct, and vigorous style.
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Additional info for Approaches to Intentionality
8 Starting with Episodic Memory If memory is not a natural kind, there is little hope of developing a successful unified account of memory as a whole. This goes for philosophy as much as for psychology. In psychology, Klein (2015) has argued that, given the extensive differences among the various capacities that have been grouped together under the heading of memory, the concept of memory has been stretched to the breaking point. And, while the aims of philosophy are somewhat different, a naturalistically oriented philosophical approach should certainly take the disunity of the concept of memory into account.
As far as phenomenology goes, part IV will emphasize that episodic memory is unique among forms of memory in providing the agent with continued access not only to information acquired in the past but also to the circumstances in which information was originally acquired. This feat is possible due to the involvement in episodic memory of a form of consciousness—autonoesis—foreign to semantic memory. 6 Pragmatic considerations, in turn, suggest starting with episodic rather than semantic memory. Epistemologists tend to focus on propositional knowledge, often to the exclusion of other forms of knowledge.
1 depicts Squire’s taxonomy of memory systems, which captures one influential view of the relationships among these kinds of memory. 4 The Trilevel Approach The question is whether these kinds of memory are, strictly speaking, subkinds of a single natural kind, as Squire’s taxonomy suggests. In certain other domains, there are established procedures for answering analogous questions about putative natural kinds. Suppose that we want to know, for example, whether the dingo and the domesticated dog, which seem on the face of it to be subkinds of a single kind, are in fact such subkinds.