Ancient Folk-Literature from North-Eastern Tibet by F. W. Thomas

By F. W. Thomas

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Additional resources for Ancient Folk-Literature from North-Eastern Tibet (Introductions, Texts, Translations, and Notes) - Abhandlungen der Deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaten zu Berlin, Klasse fur Sprachen, Literatur und Kunst, Jahrgang 1952 Nr. 3

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Here note may be taken of the following: — 1. A few Nouns ending in vowels append -s, viz. gzis (written giibs) IB 100 (known also in normal Tibetan), sris V 17, rdzis (=rdzin) V 26. It may be that the frequent hdra-ste points to hdras also: so also che-ste. The may instances of a similar -s present or absent Linguistic Introduction: Morphology 2. 3. 4. 5. 29 after consonants, in which case its absence can always be regarded as phonetical (e. g. in mans = man, 'many', 'great'), suggest that the phenomenon was a survival the-s- forms whether identical with the -s of Verb-forms or different, having been frequent in early times.

The cases of pajba are in the Texts, except as furnishing the Verb-Infinitive in par/bar, not very numerous: they may be classified as follows: — (a) as attached to Verb-roots — 1. action-words: IA 46 log-pa, 'aversion'; III 51 dar-pa, 'flourishing'; IV 28 hons-pa, 'coming'; V 15, 16 bor-ba, 'being abandoned', char-pa, 'rain', 21 ses-pa, 'knowledge'; VI 56 dgons-pa, 'thinking', 73 phye-ba, 'division'. 2. agent-words ('do-er') or Participles ('doing'): IA 9 phun-ba, 'heaped', t(h)a-ba, 'thick grown'; IB 6, hdzeg-pa, 'climbing', 11 lkhag-pa, 'alighting', 14 ser-ba, 'hail'; II 14 ner-pa, 'taking care'; III 31 ni-ma-nub-pa, 'sunset'; IV 243 khyi-sbag-pha, 'dirty (or biting) dog'; 242 sim-ba, 'refreshing'; V 16 myed-pa, 'lacking'; VI 38 rhon-pa, 'hunter'.

S. 1910, p. 1259): this example, while connecting the idiom with the north-east, opens also a possibility that it may have survived in other instances of Suffix khajkajga in later Tibetan; but the extensive list supplied in Dr. Palmyr Cordier's Cours de Tibetain classique, pp. 11—2, does not seem to yield any such; and in many cases an original kha, from kha, 'juncture', 'occasion', 'locality', 'part', 'season' (e. g. in sos-ka, 'summer', lam-ka(kha), 'route', thab-ka(kha), 'hearth') is satisfactory.

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