Advanced Computer Architecture and Parallel Processing by Mostafa Abd-El-Barr, Hesham El-Rewini

By Mostafa Abd-El-Barr, Hesham El-Rewini

Computing device structure bargains with the actual configuration, logical constitution, codecs, protocols, and operational sequences for processing facts, controlling the configuration, and controlling the operations over a working laptop or computer. It additionally encompasses notice lengths, guide codes, and the interrelationships one of the major elements of a working laptop or computer or workforce of pcs. This two-volume set deals a complete insurance of the sphere of desktop association and structure.

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There exists a unique path between a given input –output pair. However, this feature, while simplifying the routing mechanism, causes the MIN to be vulnerable to single-point failure. The failure of a component (a switch or a link) along a given path will render the corresponding path inoperable, thus causing the disconnection of the corresponding input – output pair. Therefore, MINs are characterized as being 0-fault tolerant; that is, a MIN cannot tolerate the failure of a single component. A number of solutions have been suggested in order to improve the faulttolerance characteristics of MINs.

It should be noted that the number of links in a completely connected network is given by N(N À 1)=2, that is, O(N 2 ). The delay complexity of CCNs, measured in terms of the number of links traversed as messages are routed from any source to any destination is constant, that is, O(1). 15. A total of 15 links are required in order to satisfy the complete interconnectivity of the network. 2 Limited Connection Networks Limited connection networks (LCNs) do not provide a direct link from every node to every other node in the network.

The number of nodes in a k-ary n-cube is N ¼ kn . The cost (complexity) measured in terms of the number of nodes is O(kn ) and the delay (latency) measured in terms of the number of nodes traversed while going from a source to a destination is O(n þ k). The node degree of a k-ary n-cube is 2n and the diameter is O(n  k). The relationship among the topological characteristics introduced above for a k-ary n-cube network is summarized below. 5 summarizes those topological characteristics. In this table, N is the number of nodes and n is the number of dimensions.

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