A History of Pergamum: Beyond Hellenistic Kingship by Richard Evans

By Richard Evans

The nation of Pergamum emerged from the nice interval of instability which the demise of Alexander the good. Over the following century Pergamum was once to develop into one of many wealthiest states within the jap Mediterranean. The kingdom of Pergamum used to be integrated into the Roman Empire among 133/129 BCE and it will definitely grew to become Rome's wealthiest province. the entire of Asia Minor suffered within the civil wars which ended the Roman Republic, and Pergamum didn't get away the exactions demanded of the Greek towns through Pompey, Caesar and Antony. within the next peace, ushered in by means of Augustus, Pergamum regained its prosperity and have become one of many cultural centres of the Roman Empire. Its ruling dynasty - the Attalids - have been consumers of the humanities and whereas in strength have been accountable for the awesome embellishment in their capital at Pergamum. different extra old towns equivalent to Ephesus and Miletus additionally benefited from their govt. This quantity surveys Pergamum's historical past from the past due 3rd Century BCE to the second one Century CE.

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Quinctius Flamininus in 197. 21), by then an esteemed ally of Rome. His eulogy by Livy is informative: He had fallen ill at Thebes and was taken to Pergamum where he died. Fortune had granted him nothing to suggest a hope of kingship except wealth. By using this wealth carefully and astutely he made himself appear worthy of being a king. Then in one battle he defeated the Galatians and after that victory he took the diadem. He ruled over his citizens with complete justice and was especially loyal to his allies.

The battle is said to have occurred near Sardis and, if that is accurate, it points to some movement by Eumenes away from the Caicus Valley. Was he in a position to do this against the power of his erstwhile hegemon, from whom he had presumably broken his allegiance? It is worth noting that the elder Antiochus is remembered as a mostly successful ruler, while the younger is not. The much older and more experienced Antiochus I would likely not have risked a campaign in response to Pergamum adventuring, whereas his successor would have been much more enthusiastic about gaining military laurels and more likely to suffer a defeat.

It may not be coincidental, therefore, that the revelation to the senate from the Sibylline Books should have occurred at the time of peace with Macedonia, either at the time when Pergamum was proving its loyalty to Rome in the matter of the deity from Pessinus or immediately after that treaty had been signed to illustrate to the world – and in particular to Philip V – exactly where Attalus’ future political stance would be. Attalus was certainly capable of manipulating the oracle at Delphi, where he was highly influential, and could easily have manipulated a reading of the Sibylline Books through allies at Rome.

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