A History of Medical Informatics in the United States, 1950 by Morris F. Collen

By Morris F. Collen

This article lines the old function informatics has performed within the wellbeing and fitness care within the latter half the 20 th century.

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Additional resources for A History of Medical Informatics in the United States, 1950 to 1990

Sample text

Data warehouses was the term 1 The Development of Digital Computers 27 applied to large, extended, central databases that collected and managed data from several different databases; as warehouses, they were capable of servicing the everincreasing volume of patient data that were collected from the ever-changing and expanding medical technologies.

FORTH was generally used for specialized scientific and manufacturing applications because it was “compact, fast, structured, extensible, and highly portable” [138]. The Massachusetts General Hospital Utility Multi-Programming System (MUMPS) was developed in 1966 by Barnett, Pappalardo, Marble, and Greenes in Barnett’s Laboratory of Computer Science at the Massachusetts General Hospital 1 The Development of Digital Computers 19 (MGH). MUMPS was created to implement the MGH modular hospital information system.

Later in the 1950s magnetic hard disc drives were developed for storing digital data on rotating hard plastic discs with a magnetic covering. The drives were equipped with magnetic heads positioned to both write the data on, and read the data back from, the disc. The rotating disc had great advantages in that the user had the random access disc to quickly retrieve data at different locations on the disc, whereas the data on a tape could only be read sequentially. With the development of personal computers there evolved a variety of floppy disks made of a thin magnetic storage medium sealed in a rectangular plastic covering.

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